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Three sustainable strategies to safeguard Norway’s access to critical raw materials

The magnets in wind turbines come from China, and the materials in our electric car batteries are for the most part sourced from Congo. Today, key minerals and metals are being transported to Europe from politically unstable countries far away. Is it possible to safeguard access to these raw materials here in Norway? In this article, we present three research-based strategies for addressing the problem.

Mapping the inequalities of low-carbon electricity

Greenhouse gas reduction, new jobs, new investment opportunities: the benefits of decarbonizing the electricity sector—one of the most polluting—are obvious. However, a transition to lower-carbon electricity production could have a negative impact on some regions, depending on their vulnerabilities and their capacity to adapt, while it could have a positive impact on others.

Assessing the impact of going off-grid on transmission charge and energy market outcomes

Efforts to combat climate change have contributed to the rise of renewable energy production through solar panels, windmills, and other technologies. Because of this, consumers have now become “prosumers,” capable of producing their own electricity. While the prosumers’ use of distributed renewable energy increases the energy sector’s resilience, their decreased reliance on the bulk electricity market has led to new and unintended consequences.

A mechanism for peer-to-peer energy trading in smart grids

Peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading is a decentralized type of transaction that facilitates the exchange of energy from various sources. By promoting distributed P2P power trading, it is possible to balance the supply and demand of nearby energy resources in an efficient, environmentally friendly manner, making sure fairness is secured. For instance, Lition was launched in 2018 to connect German green energy producers and consumers.